Objective- The primary goal of this study was to use headache criteria-based classification for headache types described by service members. Background.- Headache is common in soldiers returning from the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. To date, few papers have provided detailed descriptions of these headaches. Methods.- The first 25 patients seen by a certified headache specialist at the Traumatic Brain Injury Center at Womack Army Medical Center, Fort Bragg, NC, between August 2008 and December 2009 are reported. Results.- Service members described a total of 55 headaches. Most, but not all, headaches began within 1 week after injury. Migraine type was most common. Aura occurred in 5 soldiers. Continuous headaches were described in 88%. Uncommon headache types including cluster type were diagnosed. Additional symptoms and service outcomes are described. Conclusions.- We conclude that headaches occurring after various types of head injury, including explosions, can be assigned primary and secondary headache diagnoses using standard classifications not necessarily available to larger survey-based studies.
Headaches in soldiers with mild traumatic brain injury: findings and phenomenologic descriptions
Finkel AG, Yerry J, Scher A and Choi YS. 2012. Headaches in soldiers with mild traumatic brain injury: findings and phenomenologic descriptions. Headache 52(6):957-65.